It is well known to all the English proverb that is a great woman behind every great man. Gradiva Gala and Salvador Dali, Elena and Mikhail Bulgakov, Anna and Henry Ford - it is only the beginning of the list. Since time immemorial, the woman was not only a muse for men, but also a true friend and helper in his endeavors. When Henry Ford set out to design a new type of engine, his wife Anna was holding the lantern over the head of her husband during the long winter evenings. It lasted for three years until he was able to implement his plan. Many years later, Henry Ford was asked whom he would like to be in the next life. "I do not care who I'm gonna be the next incarnation - he said - most importantly, that next to me was my wife."
However, not always the case, so that the great women stand somewhere behind, in the shadow of her husband, valued and rewarded after the fact. More and louder names of the fair sex, which we owe not one dozen discoveries and inventions. And if you think they are related exclusively to the world of pots, lipstick and hair curlers, something a little wrong. On the eve of International Women's Day, we bring to your attention the story of four women and their inventions, without which modern cars would be a little different.
Few people know, but a long time ago, when there was no windshield wipers, drivers coped with the dirt on the windshield using ... wives! Yes, women had to run in the snow, and in the hail out of the car to wipe the windshield. Not surprisingly, that the drivers were skeptical of the "wipers", invented by Mary Anderson in 1903. Men still prefer to drive out in bad weather their wives to clean the glass than to make any action themselves.
First windshield wipers Anderson were arranged relatively simple - in fact, they were installed in the machine arm, managing externally attached rubber strap. With the lever the driver can move the "janitor" on the glass, blurring the adhering snow; mounted on a clearing bar the cargo makes cleaning particularly effective.
Another inventor, Charlotte Bridzhvud, offered automatic version of wipers with electric wheel in 1917. However, her wipers men also did not come to court. However, Charlotte was the first who managed to create something truly practical, useful for cleaning glass.
Today, one of the leading manufacturers of wiper is a company Bosch. The main plants for the production of brushes are located in China (Changsha), Serbia (Belgrade) and Belgium (Tienen). The latter is the main center of production and innovation in wiper 1973. Today, Bosch brushes supplied on the conveyor more than 30 leading automotive brands. In total, every day the world produces about 420,000 blades, each of which in its lifetime, cleans the surface area equal to 60 football fields, and covers a distance of about 800 km!
The first cars were produced without the silencer, and made a terrible roar during their work. Being this close to the working unit was not particularly comfortable, and how to drive in the car - and can not speak. Naturally, the woman barely tolerated such a "pleasure" as, for example, a trip out of town. Not only is the constant roar of the engine frightened local residents and passers-by called mixed views, so also own husband has not heard the latest town gossip, which then had to retell. And with a sore head noise and upset nerves. In 1917, American El Dolores Jones saved the women and the world from the loud roar of the engine, inventing nothing else, as a car muffler. It was called then the acoustic filter.
In 1945, the Soviet leadership has set a target of improving automobile fuel. The development took a group of scientists under the direction of Anne Mezhlumovoy in one of the central laboratories of large oil refinery city of Grozny. And it turned out! Because of this fragile woman millions of men can refill their iron horses quality fuel.
It should be noted that a total of 24 patent, Anna received a for her invention